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If you jog regularly, you should wear should wear shoes specifically made for jogging.
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Athletic shoes are designed to support the foot during specific movements. Because of the specific foot support needed for each sport, one shoe is not appropriate for every activity. For instance, basketball shoes won't offer enough arch support for jogging, and running shoes won't support the ankles while playing basketball. If you participate in a sport at least three times a week, wear a sport-specific shoe to prevent injury.
For general fitness activities such as weight lifting, stationary cycling and stair climbing, cross trainers can be worn instead of sport-specific shoes. According to the Family Footcare Group, cross trainers are designed to support lateral movement and are ideal for general fitness activities. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society also suggests cross trainers for playing sports fewer than three times a week if no injuries result.
The soles of tennis, basketball and volleyball shoes take a lot of abuse because of the side-to-side motions and frequent quick stops. According to the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society, court shoes should have a good sole to withstand quick forward, backward and side-to-side motions. Tennis shoes should be flexible and offer stability on the inside and outside of the foot. Basketball shoes, however, should be high-top -- for ankle support-- with thick, stiff soles.
Walking and Jogging
Walking and jogging shoes are both designed for shock absorption -- particularly where the impact is hardest -- under the ball of the foot and the heel. However, because jogging is more high impact, the shoes have different designs. Jogging shoes, for instance, have more cushion for shock absorption and are more flexible at the ball of the foot, according to the Family Footcare Group. Walking shoes, according to the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society, have a more rigid front sole, less cushion and a rounded bottom to help transition smoothly from heel to toe.
Aerobics shoes should be able to withstand the impact of up to six times the force of gravity, according to the Family Footcare Group. Since the force is transmitted to all 26 bones of the foot, shoes should have a wide toe box and good medial-to-lateral -- side-to-side-- stability. The Family Footcare Group suggests shoes with strong arch support to offset the forces from the side-to-side motions. They also suggest shoes with straps or shoes made from thick leather for additional support.